Jokla and Jugels: A Comparative Analysis of the Construction of Popular and Hiligaynon Gay Words

  • Rhoderick V. Nuncio
  • Generoso B. Pamittan, Jr.
  • David R. Corpuz
  • Edgar V. Ortinez


Gay language has been a constant topic in gay studies, discussions of which
range from the ways gay words and expressions are coined through collocation
and code-mixing to how gay native speakers use gay language as a means
to subvert and resist patriarchy and homophobia. This paper contributes to
gay studies by explaining the different methods of gay language construction
through phonological resemblance, mutation, appropriation, and association.
The analysis focuses on Hiligaynon gay language vis-à-vis existing related
studies on “popular” gay language based on Filipino and English. A total of
116 popular and Hiligaynon gay words are compared and analyzed. This paper
discusses their similarities, differences, and patterns of construction and
definition. The study aims to further the understanding and appreciation of gay
languages as they evolve over the years through linguistic innovations such as
wordplay, reflexivity, and contextuality.



gay language, popular gay words, Hiligaynon gay words, language construction