Urban Dwellers’ Hazard Awareness and its Implications on Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Towards Climate Change Adaptation and Urban Resilience

  • Minerva C. Rosel UP Mindanao Department of Architecture
  • Isidoro R. Malaque III, Ph.D. UP Mindanao Department of Architecture


The role of urban design in disaster risk reduction and management (DRRM) has taken more attention in the advent of the COVID-19 pandemic, as transmission rates are highest where cities are mostly crowded. Rapid urbanization is taking place in Asia, making its populations most vulnerable to hazards anddisasters, including this current pandemic. This paper aims to assess the basic hazard awareness of the city population, particularly in the central business district (CBD), as aprerequisite for urban resilience. A comprehensive survey of the daytime population of Davao City’s CBD was conducted in the latter half of 2019, focusing on the respondents’ awareness of the five (5) most prevalent disasters in the study area. Existing government policies and programs on climate change adaptation and DRRM were also examined as to how they are translated into community development and other forms of interventions.

Research results show that the majority of the daytime urban population are in their early and prime working age and despite their high educational background, they have low awareness of hazards, and their recall of experiences in disasters is short-term. The majority of them are not able to identify which hazard they are most susceptible to, and DRRM-related terminologies are poorly understood. In conclusion, this study hoped to provide a basis for integrating risk communication in architectural and urban design interventions toward a sustainable and resilient built environment.

Author Biographies

Minerva C. Rosel, UP Mindanao Department of Architecture

Minerva C. Rosel is currently an assistant professor and Coordinator of the Diploma/MA in Urban and Regional Planning Program, at the University of the Philippines Mindanao. As an architect and environmental planner, she is involved in horizontal development design, park operations, and policymaking, with a current research interest in resilient planning and design.

Isidoro R. Malaque III, Ph.D., UP Mindanao Department of Architecture

Isidoro R. Malaque III holds a PhD in Architecture degree from The University of Adelaide. He is currently an associate professor and the chair of the Department of Architecture, at the University of the Philippines Mindanao. His research interest includes informal urbanism and socio-spatial processes in the formation of the built environment.